Top 5 Tech Stacks To Rule Software Development in 2024

Top 5 Tech Stacks To Rule Software Development in 2024

Tech stacks are the flesh and bones of a website that is responsible for both the functioning and development of an application across all platforms. Choosing the right tech stack is important to ensure a smooth development phase that considers all your development needs during the process.

There are thousands of tech stacks available for development in the market making it difficult for developers to choose which one to opt for their individual projects. The available tech sacks vary in the combination of servers, operating systems, databases, and frameworks clubbed together for better functioning. Therefore,  choosing the right tech stack is important to ensure a cost-efficient and successful development project.  

This article will walk you through the basics of tech stacks and give you an understanding of the best available options for you in the market. 

What is a Tech Stack?

Tech stacks are a set of tools, technologies, programming languages, software applications, and frameworks that work together to build digital products or solutions such as websites, mobile, and web applications. 

There are two elements that comprise a complete tech stack i.e. front end or the client/user side of the website and back end or the server side. A set of technologies is clubbed together on both these ends to create interactive and user-friendly interfaces and appropriate databases with the help of the right tech stacks.  

Let’s know about them in greater detail… 

Tech Stack Components

As mentioned above, a tech stack comprises two components – the front end and the back end. We have professionals in the market who are specialized in particular domains. For example, you will find specialists in the industry who have dedicated expertise in front end development or back end development. Alternatively, you will also find developers that offer services in both or full-stack software development.

Front End Tech Stack

The client or user side of the application is the front end that majorly focuses on delivering an exceptional user experience. The developers here are responsible for developing a fully functional, engaging, and attractive UI/UX interface and straightforward internal structures to hold the attention of a user so much so that they convert into repeated visitors and in turn become loyal customers to your application. 

Two principal elements contribute to a Front end Stack. These are:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): It’s a markup language responsible for the structuring and placement of the content on the webpage. It looks after the position and alignment of the content.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): This on the other hand is responsible for the overall representation of the content on the web page. It takes care of the font styles, sizes, layout, color, and other aspects that work to make your web page look organized. 

Back End Tech Stack

  • The backstage of the application that usually cannot be seen by the user is server-side, also called the back end. It functions at the back making sure the application functions smoothly without any glitches providing necessary support to all the stakeholders of that application.

The back end stack comprises four basic elements:

  • Programming languages: These languages help create codes for applications and websites that in turn link the web to a database. Some basic examples are JavaScript, PHP, and Python which are used worldwide.
  • Frameworks: Frameworks provide support to your applications based on a single programming language. Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails are a few of the popular frameworks that are used today. 
  • Servers: Back end servers are used for managing client requests on your website. These include forms, inputs, search requests, etc. For example Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server.
  • Databases: The digital space used to store your application data is under databases. The most common databases used are MongoDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL.

All of these elements are built on top of one another, more like a stack of block games, therefore, called a tech STACK. They work in coordination with each other to give the best results to your awesome website.

Top Tech Stacks for Software Development 

Now, let’s have a look at the best available software tech stacks for development in 2024 

1. The MEAN Stack

MEAN Stack, an open-source full-stack JavaScript solution, is one of the most renowned stacks among developers. It facilitates the development of web applications that are robust, quick to launch, and easy to maintain. These are the four primary components of the MEAN Stack

  • MongoDB: The database management system offers cross-platform functioning for your applications. It allows your application to work on multiple operating platforms i.e.Windows, Linux, macOS, etc
  • Express.js: ExpressJS acts as the back end framework for your application letting you develop secure and fast applications. 
  • AngularJS: This works on the front-end framework and helps reduce the efforts of manual coding.
  • NodeJS: NodeJS offers an appropriate runtime environment for your application.
  • MEAN.JS: This can be a preferred choice for a lot of developers because it helps avoid useless grunt work and common pitfalls while keeping your application organized. 

2. The LAMP Stack

The LAMP Stack, an open-source program, is used to build visually appealing web pages and web apps. LAMP was the first open-source tech stack to hit the market, having been released in 1995. The acronym LAMP stands for the following four elements:  

  • Linux: It is the operating system of the application that makes up the first layer of the stack. 
  • Apache: This is the web server software of the application. These servers are responsible for translating from web browsers to their correct website. It’s responsible for getting a webpage to the user. 
  • MySQL: This is the database system of your stack that stores details that can be queried by scripting to construct a website.
  • PHP: PHP is the server-side scripting language that provides the glue for all the other parts of the LAMP system.

LAMP, being one of the most feasible solutions, is quite popular due to the abundance of LAMP stack developers with years on years packed with expertise and experience. It’s an ideal choice for creating large-scale applications with ease.  

3. ASP.NET Stack 

ASP.NET is a server-side, open-source web application framework for developing web applications, services, and websites. ASP.NET acts as an extension to .NET, adding new capabilities to the framework. As a cross-platform framework, ASP.NET runs on multiple platforms like macOS, Windows, Linux, and Docker. Here are some new capabilities of the framework:  

  • ASP.NET Core: Core is the open-source and cross-platform variation of ASP.NET.  
  • Programming Languages: ASP.NET facilitates the creation of dynamic web applications, pages, and services through perfect integration of JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. Developers can use any .NET language to code on this framework (C#, Visual Basic, F#). 
  • Razor: It is a webpage templating syntax for developing dynamic C Sharp webpages.  
  • Authentication: ASP.NET comprises templates for user logins. It provides tools for multiuser/multilayer authentication for applications that require external logins. 

4. Ruby on Rails Stack 

Written in an object-oriented language and licensed under the MIT License, Ruby on Rails (RoR) is a framework for server-side web applications. A database, a web service, and web pages can all have default structures thanks to Rails’ model-view-controller framework. RoR is renowned for its full-stack development structure. Here are some in-built components of Ruby on Rails: 

  • Action Pack: This module comprises components like action_controller, and action_dispatch to manage and respond to web requests. 
  • Action View: View template lookup and rendering are handled through this module. 
  • Active Record: This Object Relational Mapping module (comprising a zero-configuration feature) links relational database tables to classes through migrations and associations. 
  • Active Resource: Through this module, REST Web services and business objects are connected. With only a bit of code and ActiveResource, you can quickly expose your ActiveRecord objects via REST. This is an easy-to-deploy and low-effort module for creating APIs. 

5. React 

React, a JavaScript library is a powerful tool primarily used for developing interactive user interfaces. Created and maintained by Facebook, React.js offers a variety of extensions for application architectural support. React’s customized virtual DOM built through JavaScript offers enhanced app performance due to its superiority over conventional DOM. The most popular React Stack of 2024 comprises: 

  • Next.js: Next.js has gained its repute as the most popular React framework. Next can build SEO-friendly applications with added benefits like server-side rendering and code splitting.  
  • Redux Toolkit (RTK): RTK, taking after its predecessor – Redux – is a highly trusted and used state management library. It reduces the use of codes through boilerplates. RTK query, a data feature, enables the tool to process queries faster. 
  • React-query and Apollo: Apollo is React’s most renowned fetching library when it comes to data mining. However, it is developed for only GraphQL APIs. React-query may prove useful where Apollo falls short. It can connect to any API, making it more diverse.

Why is it Important to have the Best Tech Stack?

The answer to this question is competition. There is a never-ending list of the most popular tech stacks used by famous applications like Uber, Facebook, YouTube, or ICICI Bank for that matter. The stronger the tech stack, the easier it is to develop and maintain an application for a longer period.   

All tech stacks are good. There is nothing like a bad tech stack. But the best one for your business will always depend on your business’s specific needs. The size of your project, your business type, the nature of your application, and the kind of audience you wish to cater to, all these factors collectively contribute towards selecting the one that suits your business.  

How to Choose the Best Teck Stack for Your Business? 

It is better to approach a professional to guide you through your application development process.  

Apptread is a leading software development company, with a team of full-stack developers that can help you choose the right tech stacks and build engaging applications to get the required competitive edge in the market.  

Schedule a call now to get a free consultation for your next development project!